Nowadays we all surrounded by various type of robots/machine, some are automatic, some are manually operated.
The main purpose of produce robots is we can say to decrease human efforts and make human’s life easy. though it has some advantages and disadvantage too, which we will discuss in the article.
Here in this article, you’re getting to know the answer to most asked Questions about Robots history, the present, and the future of robotics.
definition/what is a robot?
In simple words, Robots is a machine which is an integration of computer science and engineering.
Any automated machine that replaces human effort, even if it does not look like a human or can function in a human way.
It can be guided by an external control device or embedded inside the control. It can be modelled on human beings, but most robots are designed to perform tasks regardless of their aesthetics.
Who invented the word robot?
The word robot was introduced to the general public by the Czech interwar writer Karel Čapek in his play R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots), published in 1920.
The play begins during a factory that uses a chemical substitute for protoplasm to manufacture living, simplified people called robots.
The play doesn’t focus intimately on the technology behind the creation of those living creatures, but in their appearance, they prefigure modern ideas of Androids.
Why was the first robot invented?
The first commercial, digital and programmable machine was created by George Devol in 1954 and was named Unimet. It was sold to General Motors in 1961 where it was used to remove hot metal pieces from die casting machines.
Types of Robots
Mechanical bots are available in all shapes and sizes to efficiently perform the task that they’re designed. tasks that humans simply can’t. Generally, there are five types of bots-
An example of a pre-programmed robot would be a mechanical arm on an automotive production line. The arm serves one function — to weld a door on, to insert a particular part into the engine, etc. — and it’s job is to perform that task longer, faster and more efficiently than a person’s.
Humanoid robots are robots that appear as if and/or mimic human behaviour. These robots usually perform human-like activities (like running, jumping and carrying objects), and are sometimes designed to look like us, even having human faces and expressions. Two of the foremost prominent samples of humanoid robots are Hanson Robotics’ Sophia (in the video above) and Boston Dynamics’ Atlas.
Autonomous robots operate independently of human operators. An example of an autonomous bot would be the Roomba vacuum, which uses sensors to roam throughout a home freely.
Teleoperated bots are mechanical bots controlled by humans. These bots usually add extreme geographical conditions, weather, circumstances, etc. Examples of teleoperated bots are the human-controlled submarines wont to fix underwater pipe leaks during the BP oil spill or drones wont to detect landmines on a battlefield.
Augmenting bots either enhance current human capabilities or replace the capabilities an individual may have lost. Some samples of augmenting robots are robotic prosthetic limbs or exoskeletons wont to lift hefty weights.
Applications of Robots
- Helping fight forest fires
- Working with humans in manufacturing plants.
- Robots that offer companionship to elderly individuals
- Surgical assistants
- Last-mile package and food order delivery
- Autonomous household robots that perform tasks like vacuuming and mowing the grass
- Used during search-and-rescue missions after natural disasters
- Landmine detectors in war zones
How do robots help us?
Industrial production is probably the oldest and well-known user of robots. These robots and co-bots (bots that work on the human side) efficiently test and assemble products such as cars and industrial equipment. It is estimated that there are currently more than three million industrial robots in use.
Shipping, handling and quality control bots are essential for most retailers and logistics companies. Since we expect our packages to reach ignition faster, logistics companies use robots in warehouses and even on the road to help maximize efficiency over time.
Right now, there are a lot of bots that are taking your stuff off the shelf, floating across the warehouse floor, and packaging it. In addition, the increase in robots over the last mile (bots that will deliver your packages autonomously to your door) will ensure that you have a face-to-metal-face with logistics bots in the near future.
Is there anything more mythical than autonomous vehicles? These self-driving cars are no longer just imagination. Automakers like Tesla, Ford, Venmo, Volkswagen and BMW are working on the next journey that will allow you to sit back, relax and enjoy it. Rubbershare companies Uber and Lift are also developing autonomous rideshare vehicles that do not require driving.
Also Read: Soon Tesla will be in India
Robots have made tremendous progress in the healthcare industry. These mechanical miracles are used in every aspect of healthcare, from robot-assisted surgeries to bots, which help humans recover from physical injuries. Toyota’s healthcare works are examples of robots that help people regain their ability to walk, and a robot called the “TUG” is designed to move autonomously around the hospital and deliver everything from clothing to clean clothing.
This is no longer a science fiction story. bots can be seen everywhere in your home, helping with household chores, reminding us of our schedules and even entertaining our children.
The most famous example of a home bot is the autonomous vacuum cleaner Rumba. In addition, robots have now evolved to do everything from autonomously mowing the lawn to clearing ponds.
Are robots good or bad?
Many high-end factories use robots to make their production more efficient and time-saving. As long as they have the strength they can work continuously without any breaks or breaks and never get tired as a man.
Helping the disabled
Many robotic solutions have been introduced in the last decade to help people with disabilities. Disability robots are designed to help people recover from certain disease conditions and injuries. It is a wide field that includes wheelchairs, robotic weapons and many other robotic devices that help people with disabilities in their day-to-day work.
Make people lazy
Get robots to make people’s lives easier. However, do they make us lazy? People-today-day hard-working people work very hard. In the modern context, there is less need for people to move around.
Intelligent applications provide us with solutions to buy everything we need online. We can order all our groceries from the online store without going to the supermarket downtown. I’m not suggesting it’s entirely bad, but to some extent, it is responsible for making you sick with overweight, diabetes and high blood pressure.
Loss of job
Many companies and factories have turned to use robots in the main process because it is more cost-effective. Robots have already begun to replace humans at an alarming rate.
There is nothing bad or good in this world. It depends on the way you want to see the whole picture. It is up to you to decide how much control you will have over your life.
How to make a robot that can help you?
Basic robots can be created using Arduino. If you know how to use code for Arduino, And you have the materials you need to create a Robot, you can build a robot.
Also Read: future of electric cars in India