future of electrics cars in India-For a long time, humans have been concerned about climate change and global warming. Generally, 25% of pollution in the world is due to cars. This leads to more than 3 lakh deaths worldwide.
Global warming affects sea level, agriculture, wildlife. Carbon monoxide and other car pollutants are harmful to health. As an alternative to this, man has invented electric vehicles. Electric vehicles emit zero direct emissions, which helps to improve air quality. Most of the emission is less to generate electricity than burning petrol and diesel.
Electric vehicle saves money as well as emission. Importantly, as electric vehicles are added to the new online as well as the digital age, EV charging stations offer the option to control charging from a smartphone app. Like a smartphone, there are options for charging by plugging in an electric car, so you don’t have to go to a petrol pump to get diesel or petrol. Thus, electric cars will help to reduce pollution.
Advantages of Electric Car in India
Using electric vehicles is one of the main reasons to reduce the increased pollution. Toxic emissions from a fuel-laden vehicle cause health problems for humans as well as animals and cause premature death.
Electric cars are 100% eco-friendly as they run on electrical engines. Similarly, electric cars do not emit toxic gases and do not emit smoke in the atmosphere. Electric cars operate quietly without making a noise like petrol and diesel cars.
It is beneficial to charge electric vehicles instead of using fossil fuel. Electric vehicle costs 0.75 ₹ / km if 0.125 units / km electricity is used (at the time of writing).
Electric vehicles are always more profitable than cars on petrol, and you don’t have to run to the charging station to charge the electric vehicle.
Electric vehicles can be charged even in a normal house. Electric cars do not have to do oil and other engine-related work as they run on electric engines so the maintenance cost of these vehicles is less.
- Electric vehicle performance
Electric cars can work better than petrol and diesel cars because electric cars are lighter, so they pick up speed faster. Electric cars have a lower center of gravity, so they are more stable on the road. Another great feature is the regenerative braking process.
The energy generated helps to charge the battery in it. The supply of petrol and diesel will be depleted soon, so using an electric vehicle would be a good option.
Electric cars have a lot more modifications than traditional petrol cars to make driving easier. These cars do not have the problem of stalling like petrol cars.
You can handle an electric vehicle using only the accelerator and the brakes and steering wheel. Also, an important feature of an electric vehicle is the regenerative braking system.
In this system, the energy wasted on pressing breaks is used to charge the car battery. Using such advanced technology makes electric vehicles economically positive and also reduces environmental congestion.
Electric cars/vehicle battery
The future of electrics cars in India-The battery is an important part of an electric vehicle. Advanced technology can reduce the cost of lithium-ion batteries.
Lithium-ion batteries are the most widely used batteries in electric vehicles that power the engine of the electric vehicle and can provide sufficient current for the vehicle.
Global demand for electric vehicle batteries is expected to increase by 2025. The recent discovery of lithium in Mandya, less than 100 km from Bangalore in Karnataka, could benefit India in producing lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles.
Nowadays these batteries represent the widespread application in new electric vehicles worldwide. At present electric vehicles with a range of more than 150 km are supplied by current storage lithium-ion batteries.
electric vehicles future in India
future of electrics cars in India-Generally, electric vehicles can travel between 50 and 200 miles on a single charge of the battery.
The electric vehicle range has more than doubled in the last few years. At the same time, battery manufacturers are focusing on how to improve battery performance. This will reduce the cost of batteries for electric vehicles and improve their efficiency.
Today, the time required to charge an electric vehicle maybe a few hours, but in the next few years, electric vehicles are expected to be charged in a matter of minutes. Battery manufacturers are also working on charging innovations such as charging pads and solar roofs in parking lots.
Almost all-electric vehicles have advanced technology designed. Self-control braking systems can reduce the risk of accidents on the road and some cars stop automatically if the driver does not respond while driving.
Currently, some cars have come in the market with hardware with full self-driving mode capability. Just like Google Assistant, Alexa, and Siri in smartphones have become an integral part of our lives, cars are also getting smarter now.
Using Apple car play and android auto, you can navigate your voice and change music selection and other settings. Some cars have auto parking options so in the future the vehicles may look similarly parked.
Types of electric vehicle
- Battery Electric vehicles (BEV)
Battery electric vehicles are called BEVs. Vehicles that run entirely on battery. It stores electricity in onboard batteries, especially lithium-ion batteries.
Unlike conventional gasoline-powered vehicles, BEV does not emit toxic or hazardous emissions. Electric vehicle chargers have levels according to the speed at which the battery is charged.
- Plug-in Hybrid Electric vehicle
Plug-in hybrid vehicle means PHEV. PHEV runs on both battery and petrol. It uses a regenerative breaking system and can also be plugged into an external source. PHEV has rechargeable battery packs that provide 40 to 80 kilometers of driving before assisting a gas engine.
- Hybrid Electric vehicle(HEV)
A hybrid electric vehicle is HEV. Hybrid electric vehicles have two drive systems, a gasoline engine, and a fuel tank, as well as an electric motor. In this gasoline engine and electric motor start the transmission simultaneously which gives power to the wheels